The Pap test or Pap smear is a screening test to identify abnormalities including infection, unhealthy cells, or cervical cancer. Since its introduction in the 1950s, Pap smear tests have become an integral part of women’s preventive health care and played a crucial role in reducing cervical cancer mortality rate by 70%.
A colposcopy is a procedure performed to assess a woman’s cervical health by looking for abnormal cell growth. Doctors usually recommend a colposcopy as a follow-up if there are abnormalities in Pap tests.
The health specialists at Trust Women’s Healthcare understand your concerns’ sensitive nature and are dedicated to managing them comprehensively and confidently.
What is a Pap test?
The Pap test involves scraping cells from the cervix to test for abnormalities. The test can be uncomfortable; however, it allows quick and easy detection of cell changes that may indicate underlying issues.
What is a Colposcopy?
The colposcopy procedure involves using a special microscope (colposcope) to examine women’s cervical area closely. A doctor may recommend a colposcopy procedure for any of the following reasons:
- Abnormal Pap smear or cervical screening test
- Abnormal lump or growth in the cervical area
- Abnormal bleeding after intercourse
A colposcopy can be used to identify cervical cancer at its commencing stage and diagnose additional conditions, including inflammation, benign growths, and genital warts.
Importance of Pap tests & Colposcopy
Both Colposcopy and Pap test (cervical screening) can play a crucial role in women’s preventive healthcare by diagnosing cervical cancer early on. If diagnosed at an early stage, cervical cancer cells are easier to treat, and there are far greater chances of a complete recovery.
In addition to these, both Pap smear and Colposcopy tests can identify concerns including inflammation and infections that can be precursors to cancerous cells’ presence.
Do all women need Pap tests?
We do not recommend screening for cervical cancer in women less than 21 years old with no symptoms. If you are sexually active, we recommend you have a pelvic examination as part of your routine healthcare checkup. Additionally, women who have gone through menopause are also advised to have this test.
Frequently Asked Questions
What happens during a colposcopy and biopsy?
During a colposcopy, the doctor examines the entire surface of the cervix with a colposcope to identify abnormalities. A tiny piece of the cervix, approximately 1-2mm is sent to the lab for a biopsy.
Will I have any side effects from the colposcopy?
Typically no side effects., but some women experience light vaginal bleeding.
What should I know before my appointment for Pap & colposcopy?
Come with all of your questions.
Why Trust Women’s Healthcare
Finding the right women’s health medical care in Brooklyn who has the right experience. At Trust Women’s Healthcare, we have your back at every step of your healthcare journey.
In addition to the highest level of care and commitment, we pride ourselves on working towards our vision, which features your future, providing a future with optimum well-being and happiness.
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